Unit Description

The Emerging, Reemerging, and Vectors Unit is oriented to the generation of
knowledge and services in the Medical, Veterinarian, and Urban Entomology.

With the objective of researching all emerging and reemerging pathogens
transmitted by vectors, focusing on a local level but with a global scope, including

the social, epidemiologic, biological, and ecological components. Moreover, this
Unit aims to bring solutions in an epidemiologic and entomological context with
the help of the community. Additionally, this Unit also offers services to businesses
focusing on the development and innovation of products directed to integral plague
control.

This Unit’s main and actual research areas consist of diseases transmitted by
vectors such as Pediculosis, Rickettsiosis, Dengue, Chikungunya, Zika Virus,
Leishmaniosis, and Chagas Disease.

Unit Chief

PhD. Rosa María Sánchez Casas

E-mail: rosa.sanchezcss@uanl.edu.mx

Phone number: +52(81) 1340 4370 ext. 1789 and 1782

Research areas: Pediculosis and Rickettsiosis

Profiles: Google Schoolar y ResearchGate 

Main Services:

  • Evaluation of relevant medical and veterinary chemical products for
    insects.
  • Consulting and Strategies for plague handling and control.
  • Taxonomic identification of insects with medical and veterinary
    relevance.
  • Orientation and consulting for the writing of thesis and scientific articles.
  • Orientation on oral and poster participation on national and
    international congresses.

Linkage:

  • Relationship programs with National and International Universities.
  • Collaboration projects with National and International Universities, and
    private businesses.
  • Research Stays.
  • Relationship programs with businesses.
  • Thesis and Postgraduate thesis writing opportunities.
  • Summer research.
  • Various degrees’ internships
  • Social service (may vary on demand).
  • Volunteering program (may vary on demand).

Laboratory (extraction area, PCR, and electrophoresis):

  • Vortex Mixer
  • ELISA Plate reader
  • ELISA Immuno Wash
  • pH meter microprocessor
  • Stirring board
  • Centrifuge
  • Stereoscopy
  • Power supply
  • Chill Table
  • Analytical Balance
  • Microscope
  • Refrigerator
  • Autoclave/ electronic sterilizer
  • Microwave
  • Electrophoresis chamber
  • Biosafety cabin
  • UV transilluminator
  • CO 2 Incubator
  • Centrifuge
  • Thermal cycler
  • PCR bell
  • Mini incubator

 Insectarium:

  • Mosquito vacuum
  • Mortar
  • Plastic Pasteur pipette
  • Paper ballots
  • Vacutainer with EDTA
  • Ovitraps
  • Mosquito cages
  • Mosquito larvae tray

PhD. Rosa María Sánchez Casas     

Researcher

rosa.sanchezcss@uanl.edu.mx

Research areas: Pediculosis and Rickettsiosis

Profiles: Google Schoolar y ResearchGate 

           

PhD. Ildefonso Fernández Salas 

Researcher

ildefonso.fernandezsl@uanl.edu.mx

Research areas: Dengue, Chikungunya, and Zika.

Profiles: Google Schoolar y ResearchGate

 

PhD. Jorge Jesús Rodríguez Rojas       

Researcher

jorge.rodriguezrj@uanl.edu.mx

Research areas: Leishmaniasis and Enfermedad de Chagas.

Profiles Google Scholar y ResearchGate

 

            

Some of our publications:

  1. Galán-Huerta, K. A., Martínez-Landeros, E., Delgado-Gallegos, J. L., Caballero-Sosa, S., Malo-García, I. R., Fernández-Salas, I., Ramos-Jiménez, J., & Rivas-Estilla, A. M. 2018. Molecular and Clinical Characterization of Chikungunya Virus Infections in Southeast Mexico. Viruses, 10(5), 248.
  2. Luo, H., Winkelmann, E. R., Fernandez-Salas, I., Li, L., Mayer, S. V., Daniz-Lozano, R., Rosa Ma. Sanchez-Casas., Nikos Vasilakis., Robert Tesh., Alan D.Barretf., Scott C.Weaver & Tian Wang & Weaver, S. C. 2018. Zika, dengue and yellow fever viruses induce differential anti-viral immune responses in human monocytic and first trimester trophoblast cells. Antiviral Research, 151, 55-62.
  3. Christopher M. Roundy, Sasha R. Azar, Shannan L. Rossi, Jing H. Huang, Grace Leal, Ruimei Yun, Ildefonso Fernandez-Salas, Christopher J. Vitek, Igor A.D. Paploski, Uriel Kitron, Guilherme S. Ribeiro, Kathryn A. Hanley, Scott C. Weaver and Nikos Vasilakis. 2017. Variation in Aedes aegypti Mosquito Competence for Zika Virus Transmission. Emerg Infect Dis. 23(4): 625–632.
  4. Erica L. McGrath, Shannan L. Rossi, Junling Gao, Steven G. Widen, Auston C. Grant, Tiffany J. Dunn1, Sasha R. Azar, Christopher M. Roundy, Ying Xiong, Deborah J. Prusak, Bradford D. Loucas, Thomas G. Wood, Yongjia Yu, Ildefonso Fernández-Salas, Scott C. Weaver, Nikos Vasilakis, Ping Wu. 2017. Differential Responses of Human Fetal Brain Neural Stem Cells to Zika Virus Infection. Stem Cell Reports. 8(3):715–727.
  5. Rodríguez-Rojas, J. J., Rodríguez-Moreno, Á., Berzunza-Cruz, M., Gutiérrez-Granados, G., Becker, I., Sánchez-Cordero, V., Christopher R. Stephens, Ildefonso Fernández-Salas, & Rebollar-Téllez, E. A. 2017. Ecology of phlebotomine sandflies and putative reservoir hosts of leishmaniasis in a border area in Northeastern Mexico: implications for the risk of transmission of Leishmania mexicana in Mexico and the USA. Parasite (Paris, France), 24, 33-33.
  6. RodríguezRojas, J. J., & Rebollar‐Téllez, E. A. 2017. Effect of trapping methods on the estimation of alpha diversity of a phlebotomine sandfly assemblage in southern Mexico. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 31(4), 392-401.
  7. Sánchez-Casas, R. M., Alejandro Gaitán-Burns, Esteban E. Díaz-González, Jaime Salomón Grajales, Miguel A. Dector, and Ildefonso Fernández-Salas. Evidence of DENV-2 Vertical Transmission in Larval Aedes aegypti Populations at Cancun, Quintana Roo, Mexico. South Entomol 41(2):389-398.
  8. Ildefonso Fernández-Salas, Esteban E. Díaz-González, Hugo López-Gatell, and Celia Alpuche-Aranda. Chikugunya and Zika virus dissemination in the Americas: different arboviruses reflecting the same spreading routes and poor vector-control policies. Current Opinion in Infect Diseas: 29(5):467–475.
  9. Andrea Gloria‐Soria, Diego Ayala, Ambicadutt Bheecarry, Olger Calderon‐Arguedas, Dave D Chadee, Marina Chiappero, Maureen Coetzee, Khouaildi Bin Elahee, Ildefonso FernandezSalas, Hany A Kamal, Basile Kamgang, Emad IM Khater, Laura D Kramer, Vicki Kramer, Alma Lopez‐Solis, Joel Lutomiah, Ademir Martins, Maria Victoria Micieli, Christophe Paupy, Alongkot Ponlawat, Nil Rahola, Syed Basit Rasheed, Joshua B Richardson, Amag A Saleh, Rosa Maria SanchezCasas, Gonçalo Seixas, Carla A Sousa, Walter J Tabachnick, Adriana Troyo, Jeffrey R Powell. Global genetic diversity of Aedes aegypti. Mol Ecol 25(21): 5377-5395.
  10. Rodríguez-Rojas, J. J., Wilfredo Arque-Chunga, Ildefonso Fernández-Salas, and Eduardo A. Rebollar-Téllez. Comparative field evaluation of different traps for collecting adult phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in an endemic area of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Quintana Roo, Mexico. J Am Mosq Cntrl Assoc 32(2):103-116.
  11. Arque-Chunga, W., Jorge J. Rodríguez-Rojas, Ildefonso Fernández-Salas, y Eduardo A. Rebollar-Téllez. 2016. Distribución vertical de flebotomineos en un área endémica de Leishmaniasis en el sureste de México. South Entomol 41(3):735-740.
  12. Esteban E. Díaz González, Tiffany F. Kautz, Alicia Dorantes-Delgado, Iliana R. Malo-García, Maricela Laguna-Aguilar, Rose M. Langsjoen, Rubing Chen, Dawn I. Auguste, Rosa M. Sánchez-Casas, Rogelio Danis-Lozano, Scott C. Weaver, and Ildefonso Fernández-Salas. First Report of Aedes aegypti Transmission of Chikungunya virus in the Americas. J. Trop. Med. 93(6):1325-1329.
  13. Nele Janssen, Ildefonso Fernández-Salas, Esteban Eduardo Díaz González, Alejandro Gaitán-Burns, Carlos E. Medina-de la Garza, Rosa María Sánchez-Casas, Jessica Börstler, Daniel Cadar, Jonas Schmidt-Chanasit, Hanna Jöst. 2015. Mammalophilic feeding behavior of Culex quinquefasciatus mosquitoes collected in the cities of Chetumal and Cancun, Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico. Med. Health; 20(2): 1488-1491.
  14. Mathilde Guerbois, Ildefonso Fernandez-Salas, Sasha R. Azar, Rogelio Danis-Lozano, Celia M. Alpuche-Aranda, Grace Leal, Iliana R. Garcia-Malo, Esteban E. Diaz-Gonzalez, Mauricio Casas-Martinez, Shannan L. Rossi, Samanta L. Del Río-Galván, Rosa M. Sanchez-Casas, Christopher M. Roundy, Thomas G. Wood, Steven G. Widen, Nikos Vasilakis and Scott C. Weaver. Outbreak of Zika virus infection, Chiapas State, Mexico, 2015, and first confirmed transmission by Aedes aegypti mosquitoes in the Americas. J Infect Dis.214 (9):1349-1356.
  15. Tiffany F. Kautz, Esteban E. Diaz-Gonzalez, Jesse H. Erasmus, Iliana R. Malo-Garía, Rose M. Langsjoen, Edward I. Patterson, Dawn I. Auguste, Naomi L. Forrester, Rosa Maria Sanchez-Casas, Mauricio Hernandez-Avila, Cecilia M. Alpuche-Aranda, Scott C. Weaver and Ildefonso Fernández-Salas. 2015. Chikungunya Virus as Cause of Febrile Illness Outbreak, Chiapas, Mexico, 2014. 21(11): 2070-2073.
Services

Main Services:

  • Evaluation of relevant medical and veterinary chemical products for
    insects.
  • Consulting and Strategies for plague handling and control.
  • Taxonomic identification of insects with medical and veterinary
    relevance.
  • Orientation and consulting for the writing of thesis and scientific articles.
  • Orientation on oral and poster participation on national and
    international congresses.
Programs

Linkage:

  • Relationship programs with National and International Universities.
  • Collaboration projects with National and International Universities, and
    private businesses.
  • Research Stays.
  • Relationship programs with businesses.
  • Thesis and Postgraduate thesis writing opportunities.
  • Summer research.
  • Various degrees’ internships
  • Social service (may vary on demand).
  • Volunteering program (may vary on demand).
Infrastructure

Laboratory (extraction area, PCR, and electrophoresis):

  • Vortex Mixer
  • ELISA Plate reader
  • ELISA Immuno Wash
  • pH meter microprocessor
  • Stirring board
  • Centrifuge
  • Stereoscopy
  • Power supply
  • Chill Table
  • Analytical Balance
  • Microscope
  • Refrigerator
  • Autoclave/ electronic sterilizer
  • Microwave
  • Electrophoresis chamber
  • Biosafety cabin
  • UV transilluminator
  • CO 2 Incubator
  • Centrifuge
  • Thermal cycler
  • PCR bell
  • Mini incubator

 Insectarium:

  • Mosquito vacuum
  • Mortar
  • Plastic Pasteur pipette
  • Paper ballots
  • Vacutainer with EDTA
  • Ovitraps
  • Mosquito cages
  • Mosquito larvae tray
Unit Personnel

PhD. Rosa María Sánchez Casas     

Researcher

rosa.sanchezcss@uanl.edu.mx

Research areas: Pediculosis and Rickettsiosis

Profiles: Google Schoolar y ResearchGate 

           

PhD. Ildefonso Fernández Salas 

Researcher

ildefonso.fernandezsl@uanl.edu.mx

Research areas: Dengue, Chikungunya, and Zika.

Profiles: Google Schoolar y ResearchGate

 

PhD. Jorge Jesús Rodríguez Rojas       

Researcher

jorge.rodriguezrj@uanl.edu.mx

Research areas: Leishmaniasis and Enfermedad de Chagas.

Profiles Google Scholar y ResearchGate

 

            

Publishing

Some of our publications:

  1. Galán-Huerta, K. A., Martínez-Landeros, E., Delgado-Gallegos, J. L., Caballero-Sosa, S., Malo-García, I. R., Fernández-Salas, I., Ramos-Jiménez, J., & Rivas-Estilla, A. M. 2018. Molecular and Clinical Characterization of Chikungunya Virus Infections in Southeast Mexico. Viruses, 10(5), 248.
  2. Luo, H., Winkelmann, E. R., Fernandez-Salas, I., Li, L., Mayer, S. V., Daniz-Lozano, R., Rosa Ma. Sanchez-Casas., Nikos Vasilakis., Robert Tesh., Alan D.Barretf., Scott C.Weaver & Tian Wang & Weaver, S. C. 2018. Zika, dengue and yellow fever viruses induce differential anti-viral immune responses in human monocytic and first trimester trophoblast cells. Antiviral Research, 151, 55-62.
  3. Christopher M. Roundy, Sasha R. Azar, Shannan L. Rossi, Jing H. Huang, Grace Leal, Ruimei Yun, Ildefonso Fernandez-Salas, Christopher J. Vitek, Igor A.D. Paploski, Uriel Kitron, Guilherme S. Ribeiro, Kathryn A. Hanley, Scott C. Weaver and Nikos Vasilakis. 2017. Variation in Aedes aegypti Mosquito Competence for Zika Virus Transmission. Emerg Infect Dis. 23(4): 625–632.
  4. Erica L. McGrath, Shannan L. Rossi, Junling Gao, Steven G. Widen, Auston C. Grant, Tiffany J. Dunn1, Sasha R. Azar, Christopher M. Roundy, Ying Xiong, Deborah J. Prusak, Bradford D. Loucas, Thomas G. Wood, Yongjia Yu, Ildefonso Fernández-Salas, Scott C. Weaver, Nikos Vasilakis, Ping Wu. 2017. Differential Responses of Human Fetal Brain Neural Stem Cells to Zika Virus Infection. Stem Cell Reports. 8(3):715–727.
  5. Rodríguez-Rojas, J. J., Rodríguez-Moreno, Á., Berzunza-Cruz, M., Gutiérrez-Granados, G., Becker, I., Sánchez-Cordero, V., Christopher R. Stephens, Ildefonso Fernández-Salas, & Rebollar-Téllez, E. A. 2017. Ecology of phlebotomine sandflies and putative reservoir hosts of leishmaniasis in a border area in Northeastern Mexico: implications for the risk of transmission of Leishmania mexicana in Mexico and the USA. Parasite (Paris, France), 24, 33-33.
  6. RodríguezRojas, J. J., & Rebollar‐Téllez, E. A. 2017. Effect of trapping methods on the estimation of alpha diversity of a phlebotomine sandfly assemblage in southern Mexico. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 31(4), 392-401.
  7. Sánchez-Casas, R. M., Alejandro Gaitán-Burns, Esteban E. Díaz-González, Jaime Salomón Grajales, Miguel A. Dector, and Ildefonso Fernández-Salas. Evidence of DENV-2 Vertical Transmission in Larval Aedes aegypti Populations at Cancun, Quintana Roo, Mexico. South Entomol 41(2):389-398.
  8. Ildefonso Fernández-Salas, Esteban E. Díaz-González, Hugo López-Gatell, and Celia Alpuche-Aranda. Chikugunya and Zika virus dissemination in the Americas: different arboviruses reflecting the same spreading routes and poor vector-control policies. Current Opinion in Infect Diseas: 29(5):467–475.
  9. Andrea Gloria‐Soria, Diego Ayala, Ambicadutt Bheecarry, Olger Calderon‐Arguedas, Dave D Chadee, Marina Chiappero, Maureen Coetzee, Khouaildi Bin Elahee, Ildefonso FernandezSalas, Hany A Kamal, Basile Kamgang, Emad IM Khater, Laura D Kramer, Vicki Kramer, Alma Lopez‐Solis, Joel Lutomiah, Ademir Martins, Maria Victoria Micieli, Christophe Paupy, Alongkot Ponlawat, Nil Rahola, Syed Basit Rasheed, Joshua B Richardson, Amag A Saleh, Rosa Maria SanchezCasas, Gonçalo Seixas, Carla A Sousa, Walter J Tabachnick, Adriana Troyo, Jeffrey R Powell. Global genetic diversity of Aedes aegypti. Mol Ecol 25(21): 5377-5395.
  10. Rodríguez-Rojas, J. J., Wilfredo Arque-Chunga, Ildefonso Fernández-Salas, and Eduardo A. Rebollar-Téllez. Comparative field evaluation of different traps for collecting adult phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in an endemic area of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Quintana Roo, Mexico. J Am Mosq Cntrl Assoc 32(2):103-116.
  11. Arque-Chunga, W., Jorge J. Rodríguez-Rojas, Ildefonso Fernández-Salas, y Eduardo A. Rebollar-Téllez. 2016. Distribución vertical de flebotomineos en un área endémica de Leishmaniasis en el sureste de México. South Entomol 41(3):735-740.
  12. Esteban E. Díaz González, Tiffany F. Kautz, Alicia Dorantes-Delgado, Iliana R. Malo-García, Maricela Laguna-Aguilar, Rose M. Langsjoen, Rubing Chen, Dawn I. Auguste, Rosa M. Sánchez-Casas, Rogelio Danis-Lozano, Scott C. Weaver, and Ildefonso Fernández-Salas. First Report of Aedes aegypti Transmission of Chikungunya virus in the Americas. J. Trop. Med. 93(6):1325-1329.
  13. Nele Janssen, Ildefonso Fernández-Salas, Esteban Eduardo Díaz González, Alejandro Gaitán-Burns, Carlos E. Medina-de la Garza, Rosa María Sánchez-Casas, Jessica Börstler, Daniel Cadar, Jonas Schmidt-Chanasit, Hanna Jöst. 2015. Mammalophilic feeding behavior of Culex quinquefasciatus mosquitoes collected in the cities of Chetumal and Cancun, Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico. Med. Health; 20(2): 1488-1491.
  14. Mathilde Guerbois, Ildefonso Fernandez-Salas, Sasha R. Azar, Rogelio Danis-Lozano, Celia M. Alpuche-Aranda, Grace Leal, Iliana R. Garcia-Malo, Esteban E. Diaz-Gonzalez, Mauricio Casas-Martinez, Shannan L. Rossi, Samanta L. Del Río-Galván, Rosa M. Sanchez-Casas, Christopher M. Roundy, Thomas G. Wood, Steven G. Widen, Nikos Vasilakis and Scott C. Weaver. Outbreak of Zika virus infection, Chiapas State, Mexico, 2015, and first confirmed transmission by Aedes aegypti mosquitoes in the Americas. J Infect Dis.214 (9):1349-1356.
  15. Tiffany F. Kautz, Esteban E. Diaz-Gonzalez, Jesse H. Erasmus, Iliana R. Malo-Garía, Rose M. Langsjoen, Edward I. Patterson, Dawn I. Auguste, Naomi L. Forrester, Rosa Maria Sanchez-Casas, Mauricio Hernandez-Avila, Cecilia M. Alpuche-Aranda, Scott C. Weaver and Ildefonso Fernández-Salas. 2015. Chikungunya Virus as Cause of Febrile Illness Outbreak, Chiapas, Mexico, 2014. 21(11): 2070-2073.